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Type 2 Diabetes: A Closer Inspection

Diabetes is often treated under one missive category. However, the disease comes in two kinds and both vary greatly in their effect on the human body and treatment. Type 2 diabetes is the more prevalent form of the disease and is found in 90% of the Americans who have contracted diabetes.

Other than this, about 84 million Americans are on the cusp of getting diabetes and are currently recognized as prediabetic. This means their blood sugar is above normal range but, has not shot up to levels considered within the diabetic range.

Unsplash | High consumption of fatty foods can cause the disease

The Tell-Tale Signs

Type 2 diabetes was earlier dubbed the ‘adult-onset’ diabetes. It signified that once a person crosses the age of 45, they will become more susceptible to the disease. This may be attributed to poor metabolism, obesity, and broken beta cells.

Additionally, it is also considered genetic, meaning it can be passed on from generation to generation. Thus, teenagers and children can also report a case of type 2 diabetes, especially if they are obese and have a family history of diabetes.

Shutterstock | Diabetes is no longer age restrictive

Major Cause of Diabetes

If you have a poor lifestyle, you are definitely heralding diabetes for yourself. It includes being obese and having a lot of belly fat. If you are at risk of type 2 diabetes or have contracted it, it is high time you tweak your lifestyle a little and make it healthier.

Exercise daily for at least half an hour. You can start with a cardiac workout for burning overall body fat. Base your diet on healthy and nutritive food that is low in carbohydrates but, provides you your required energy needs. Try and avoid processed sugars.

These lifestyle changes will help control your diabetic condition and relieves symptoms. All these precautions need to be a life long abstinence.

Insulin Levels and Insulin Resistance

Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreatic glands. These hormones help break down sugar into energy which is then utilized by cells. However, people who are said to have type 2 diabetes suffer from a condition where this insulin, though produced in adequate amounts in the body, is not absorbed well by the cells.

This is mainly because sugar molecules are not efficiently digested and broken down. Consuming sugar means having it enter your bloodstream and resulting in a sugar spike because it cannot be efficiently broken down by the body.

Unsplash | Several treatments are available now for the disease

Unfortunately, if you have type 2 diabetes, you are sentenced to life. Other than lifestyle changes, you may be put on some medication to ease the blood sugar spikes. You may also be recommended combination therapy to treat your symptoms.

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